About dental implantation

Dental implantation is the installation of a special screw (implant) in the place where a tooth is missing followed by prosthetics based on it. In the classical sense, implantation means only the screw (implant) installation stage; the subsequent procedures for installing an artificial tooth are called implant prosthetics.

Various types of crowns can be placed on the installed implants:

  • metal-ceramic crowns;
  • metal-free crowns;
  • full prosthetics of all teeth of the jaw (for example, using the “all-on-four” technology), etc.

Why it is necessary to do the implantation on time

In addition to the obvious reasons for all people to do implantation – aesthetics, visual appeal, which gives confidence and helps both in personal life and in work, there are also very important medical consequences of the teeth absence, about which few patients know:

1

In the place of the tooth absence, there is a gradual loss of bone tissue. Thus, if you delay with implantation, you will inevitably have to perform procedures to increase the volume of bone tissue (bone grafting), which are not only expensive, but also lengthen the implantation process by about 3 months.

2

Antagonist teeth (i.e., the teeth of the other jaw in contact with the tooth that was removed) gradually move to where there is no tooth, deteriorate until they are completely lost.

3

The adjacent teeth are gradually shifted to free space. For normal prosthetics in the future, partial installation of braces may be required.

When dental implantation is needed

Dental implantation, or rather prosthetics on implants, is performed in the complete absence of a tooth and root. In the case of the presence of the root part of a tooth without a crown part (for example, as a result of a tooth fracture), it is not always necessary to install an implant, since the crown can be installed based on the preserved roots.

Contraindications for implantation

Contraindications are divided into absolute (in which implantation is usually not performed) and relative, in which complications are possible during implantation, and it is carried out at the discretion of the physician.

Absolute contraindications include:

  • general contraindications for surgery, anesthesia intolerance;
  • mental disorders;
  • serious diseases preventing implantation: blood diseases, immunopathological conditions, malignant neoplasms, tuberculosis, decompensated diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, etc.;
  • systemic diseases of the connective tissue (because after implantation, the engraftment process takes place), osteoporosis.
There are also temporary reasons to postpone implantation: pregnancy, acute diseases.

Implantation methods and types of implants

The most common methods of implantation:

  • Classical implantation – when the implant is installed after a certain time (up to 3 months) after the tooth extraction;
  • Simultaneous implantation is the installation of the implant immediately after the tooth extraction.

Types of implants:

  1. Premium class – such brands as AstraTech, NobelBiocare, Straumann can be attributed to them.
  2. Middle class – they are many more, for example, Dentium, Mis, Ankylos, Xive, Bicon (usually these are manufacturers from Europe, Israel and South Korea)
  3. Economy class – Russian, Israeli and others: now, there are many new manufacturers, including those that open offices in Europe and pretend to be famous western brands.
In our work, we essentially do not use economy class implants, since their survival is unpredictable and there is no guarantee of their long service.

Procedure, stages of dental implantation

Diagnostics, planning, preparation

  • The implant surgeon conducts a detailed consultation, learns about the presence of chronic diseases.
  • In addition to consulting a surgeon-implantologist, the consultation of an orthopedist is obligatory.
  • The patient does computed tomography (CT) of the jaw.
  • The orthopedist and the surgeon implantologist drawn up a treatment plan.
  • In case of insufficiency of the bone tissue volume, an operation is performed to increase the bone tissue: sinus lift procedure or other types of bone grafting.
  • After bone grafting, it is necessary to wait 2-3 months before the implantation procedure. At this time, it is possible to install a temporary crown.

Surgical stage

  1. Directly implant installation is the so-called first surgical stage: the doctor installs the screw in the place where the tooth is absence.
  2. The process of osseointegration (implant engraftment) occurs 2-3 months (in case of installation on the upper jaw, the period may be longer).
  3. At the moment determined by the surgeon, instead of the screw-plug, the healing cap, which forms the correct gingival shape, is installed.

Orthopedic stage

This stage in the classical understanding of implantation does not apply to the installation of an implant (and is not included in the cost of implantation), but is a logical continuation of the implant installation, and, in fact, the main purpose of implantation is the restoration of the dental curve.

  • The healing cap unscrews from the implant and a standard or individual (manufactured specifically for the patient) abutment is installed in its place. Abutment is the base on which the prosthesis will be installed.
  • The patient selected prosthesis is made individually and installed on the abutment: it can be metal-ceramic and metal-free crowns,
All manipulations that may cause discomfort are performed under local anesthesia, therefore, the treatment process is completely painless and invisible to the patient.

Timing of implantation

  • Diagnostics, planning, preparation – from several days to 3 months (if necessary, increasing the volume of bone tissue).
  • Surgical stage – from several days (with simultaneous implantation) to 3 months.
  • Orthopedic stage (prosthetics on an installed implant) – 2-3 weeks.
Thus, the entire implantation process can take from several days (with the temporary crown installation) to 6-7 months. At the same time, in the absence of appropriate conditions, it is strongly recommended not to speed up the process.

Doctors

Doctor of Dental Surgery, Implantologist
Lecturer at the Department of Surgical Dentistry. Placement of any complexity, periodontal microsurgery.
Dental surgeon, implantologist
More than 20 advanced training courses, over 6 years experience in the best clinics
Get a free consultation

Free consultation that lasts 30-60 minutes includes:

  • Detailed conversation with the patient
  • Panoramic radiograph (for internal use)
  • Comprehensive treatment plan

Contact us 8 (495) 935 55 55 or make an appointment online

By clicking on the button, I agree with doctors
doctors
...
Fix
Hide

Prices

Average in Moscow

Honest, no surprises

All inclusive

Основные манипуляции, используемые в конкретной процедуре, уже включены в стоимость. В некоторых процедурах цена разбита на этапы, о чем доктор предупредит заранее.
Closed sinus lift procedure
24 900 руб.
Installation of Dentium implant
50 000 руб.
43 900 руб.
Installation of Astra Tech (Sweden) implant
59 900 руб.

Reviews

Adresses
On the map
1
Airport (3 min walk)
Monday-Sunday 9:00-21:00
2
Novatorskaya, BKL, 3 min walk
Monday-Sunday 9:00-21:00
We use cookies on this site to personalize the service and improve your experience.
Call me back
By clicking on the button, I agree with
doctors
Application successfully sent
Your contact:
...
Fix
Close